Avocado Cultivars


This is a brief list of the main avocado cultivars. Keep in mind new species are being bred for the sake of productivity so this list isn’t 100% complete, but it offers a good overview of the main “parent” cultivars.

Anaheim
Origin Otto Keup, Anaheim, 1910. Guatemalan. Tree columnar, productive. Fruit very large, to 24 oz., elongated glossy green, seed small, oil 15%. Tenderest of cvs. for coast only. To 32° F. Season July.
Bacon
Origin James Bacon, Buena Park, 1954. Hybrid. Tree broad, productive. Fruit small to medium, to 12 oz., round-ovoid, smooth green. Flesh only fair, almost colorless,seed cavity molds rapidly. Hardy for Bay Area, Central Valley. To 25° F. Season December.
Creamhart
Origin Orton Englehart, Escondido,1969. Hybrid. Seedling of Reed. Tree open, upright, branching. Fruit medium, to 14 oz., skin green flesh extraordinarily pale,buttery, nearly fiberless. Not alternate bearing. To 30° F. Season April – July.
Duke
Origin Bangor (Oroville), 1912. Tree vigorous, open, resists wind. Fruit small, 12 oz., elongated pyriform, waxy green, skin paper-thin. Flesh excellent, oil 21%. Seeds commonly used for rootstocks, resist root rot. Extraordinarily hardy, recovers quickly from freeze, to 22° F. Season October
Fuerte
Origin Atlixco, Mexico, intro. Carl Schmidt, 1911. Hybrid. Tree open, spreading, tall. Fruit large to very large, 16 oz., elongated pyriform, skin dark green with numerous small raised pale spots, waxy bloom, skin thin. Flesh good, oil 18%, seed medium. Formerly standard cv. of California industry. Tends to bear in alternate years, unproductive near coast or in north. To 26° F. Season December.
Ganter
Origin Albert Rideout, Whittier, 1905. Mexican. Tree tall, spreading, open. Fruit small, to 8 oz., long pyriform, skin paper-thin, pale waxy green. Flesh good, oil 18%. Oldest avocado cv. in California. Quite hardy, for Central Valley floor and far north. To 23° F. Season October.
Gwen
Origin Riverside, Robert Whitsell, 1982, patented. Seedling of Hass. Tree dwarf, to 14 ft., low vigor. Fruit small, to 8 oz., a Hass look alike, elongated green, flesh good. Most productive of dwarf avocados, best dwarf for outdoor use, also for containers, greenhouse. Not hardy, to 30° F. Season February – October.
Hass
Origin Rudolph Hass, La Habra Heights, 1926. Seedling of Lyon. Guatemalan. Tree rather open, not tall. Fruit medium, to 12 oz., pyriform, skin thick, pebbled, coppery purple. Flesh good, oil 19%, seed fairly small. Currently the standard of the industry. To 26° F. Season July.
Jim
Origin John Reinecke, San Diego, 1939. Hybrid. Tree upright. Fruit small to medium, to 10 oz., olive green, with long neck, oil 12%. To 26° F. Season June.
Lula
Origin George Cellon, Miami, 1919. West Indian. Tree dense, broad, prolific. Fruit round, slightly pyriform, to 20 oz., slightly rough glossy green, oil 12%. Only West Indian type recommended for California, rather hardy, to 28° F. Season April.
Lyon
Origin R. Lyon, Hollywood, 1908. Central American. Tree columnar, slow growing, difficult to propagate, often scion incompatible. Fruit commonly over 24 oz., dark glossy green, rough, pyriform, oil 21%. High quality. Tender, to 30° F. Season April.
Mexicola
Origin Coolidge, Pasadena, 1910. Mexican. Tree tall and spreading, vigorous. Fruit small, 5 oz., round pyriform, skin paper-thin, purplish black, waxy bloom. Flesh highest quality, seed very large. Hardiest cv. known, seedlings useful as rootstocks in far north. Recovers rapidly from freeze. Defoliated at 20° F, trunk killed at 17° F. Season September.
Mexicola Grande
Seedling selection of Mexicola. Mexican. Tree tall and spreading similar to Mexicola. Fruit 15% – 25% larger than Mexicola and somewhat rounder in shape with better seed/flesh ratio. Skin paper-thin, purple-black. High quality flesh with high oil content. Hardy to about 18° F.
Murrieta Green
Origin Colima, Mexico, intro. by Juan Murrieta, 1910. Hybrid. Tree slow growing, easily trained. Fruit large, to 18 oz., oblate, green, resembling Fuerte. Flesh exceptional, oil 18%. Only cv. readily adaptable to espalier. For coast and intermediate. To 27° F. Season September.
Nabal
Origin Antigua, Guatemala, intro. by F.W. Popenoe, 1917. Tree dense, columnar. Fruit handsome, large pyriform, to 17 oz., green, skin resembles Fuerte. Flesh exceptionally high quality, oil 16%. Young trees require pinching to force low branching. Tends to bear alternate years. To 27° F. Season July.
Pinkerton
Origin John D. Pinkerton, Saticoy, 1972, patented. Guatemalan. Tree dense, productive. Fruit variable in size, 7 to 12 oz., skin thick, pebbled, green. To 30° F. Season November.
Queen
Origin Antigua, Guatemala, intro. by E.E. Knight, 1914. Guatemalan. Tree broad. Fruit exceptionally large, to 24 oz., elongated, purple, flesh excellent, oil 13%. Fairly hardy for large cv., worth trying in Bay Area. To 26° F. Season August.
Puebla
Origin Atlixco, Mexico, intro. by Carl Schmidt, 1911. Mexican. Tree broad, high branching. Fruit beautiful, medium to large, to 18 oz., ovoid, skin thin, lacquered maroon purple. Flesh excellent, oil 20%. Least hardy Mexican type, to 29° F. Season December.
Reed
Origin James S. Reed, Carlsbad, 1948. Hybrid. Tree columnar. Fruit large, to 15 oz., round, skin thick, pebbled, green. Flesh good. To 30° F. Season August.
Rincon
Origin Carlsbad, Sam Thompson, 1944. Hybrid. Tree small. Fruit small to medium, 10 oz., green, resembling Fuerte. Flesh good. For coast, Santa Barbara and Ventura. To 27° F. Season January.
Ryan
Origin Albert Rideout, Whittier, 1927. Hybrid. Tree low, spreading. Fruit medium, to 14 oz., elongated, otherwise resembles Hass, skin thick, pebbled, purple. Flesh good, oil 25%. For Inland Empire, Bay Area. To 26° F Season August.
Spinks
Origin E. Bradbury, Bradbury, 1911. Hybrid. Tree spreading. Fruit medium, to 15 oz., round with small neck, tangelo shaped. Lacquered, coppery purple, outstanding flavor, oil 16%. To 27° F. Season April.
Topa Topa
Origin E.S. Thatcher, Ojai, 1912. Mexican. Tree columnar, vigorous. Fruit handsome, elongated pyriform, small to medium, 8 oz., smooth dark purple with white waxy bloom. Skin paper-thin. Flesh rather poor, oil 15%, seed elongated. Seedlings commonly used for rootstocks. Hardy, for far north. To 23° F.
Whitsell
Origin Robert Whitsell, Riverside,1982, patented. Hybrid. Hass seedling. Tree dwarf, to 12 feet, low vigor. Fruit small, 6 oz., elongated Hass look alike. Flesh good. Bears in alternate years. For containers and greenhouse only, not hardy. To 30° F. February to October.
Wurtz (syn. Littlecado)
Origin Roy Wurtz, Encinitas, 1935. Hybrid. Tree prostrate, difficult to train, low vigor. Fruit dark green, medium, to 10 oz. For containers and greenhouse. To 26° F. Season July.
Zutano
Origin R.L. Ruitt, Fallbrook, 1926. Hybrid. Tree columnar. Fruit small to medium, to 10 oz. elongated smooth green, resembles Fuerte but inferior, has fibers. Hardy for Bay Area, Central Valley. To 25° F. Season November.

How to Select and Store Avocados

How to select Avocados

When you select avocados, you should make sure they are firm and slightly soft, with no cracks and sunken spots (they tend to oxidize, become dark, and possibly spoil the oil, and at the very least they alter its taste making it bitter).

A sign of quality is the presence of a slight neck at the top (instead of just being rounded), since this means the fruit probably ripened on the tree, which usually ensures a better flavor.

Avocados can also be ripened at home if they’re less mature.

A brief overview of California avocados: Hass avocados usually weigh 250gr (around 8 ounces), with a pebbled dark green skin (sometimes very dark), while Fuerte avocados have a bright green skin, which is also usually smoother: try to avoid Fuertes with a skin that’s too bright though, since their flavor isn’t the best.

Florida avocados are usually larger (they can reach 4.5 pounds in weight) but generally have a lower caloric density and a milder flavor (due to their increased percentage of water).

How to ripen and store Avocados

Avocados can be ripened at home: it’ll take a few days, at room temperature, and you can check the process since their skin turns darker as they ripen.

Don’t refrigerate them before they are ripe, since cold temperatures stop the ripening process.

Once ripe, avocados can be stored in the refrigerator (they keep for longer when whole, so don’t slice them if you don’t have to: this prevents their flesh from turning brown), where they’ll keep for a week.

If you have already sliced it, a good trick consists of sprinkling lemon juice on the exposed parts of the flesh, to reduce oxidation, and then storing the remainder of the avocado in the refrigerator, wrapped in plastic wrap or inside a plastic bag.

Health Benefits of Avocados

Avocados (or by their botanical name, Persea americana), are also known as palta or aguacate in Spanish speaking countries, and are affectionately called “alligator pear” due to their pear shape and bumpy skin.

This fruit is native to Mexico, South and Central America, and belongs to the same plant family of Laurel (Lauraceae): it has a soft, buttery texture and the flesh contains an egg-shaped seed in the center, with a casing called pit.

Originally called “testicle” (or ahuacatl) by Aztecs, this delicious fruit is believed to have been selected by humans, since it was biologically linked to dinosaurs and other large animals: no current animal can eat a fruit so large, and the high amounts of fats and calories, not to mension the size of the seed (it’s as large as an egg) all suggest that it was probably dinosaurs who used to eat avocados.

As such, this fruit should have disappeared with their extinction, but it is argued that men kept propagating it, saving avocados from extinction themselves.
Guacamole Sauce
Nowadays avocados are widely used for a variety of dishes, including the famous sauce guacamole. Actually, during Super Bowl Sunday, in the US, 50 million pounds of avocados are consumed to make guacamole!

Their nutritional properties are very peculiar, being them not only rich in soluble and insoluble fiber (with some sources claiming it is the most fiber-rich fruit), but also rich in polyunsaturated vegetable fats which have been proven by several studies to lower LDL cholesterol and improve blood lipid levels.

Avocado trees yield lots of fruit if kept in the correct environment (and if they’re correctly fertilized and watered): it’s no surprise that cultivating them is a hobby in many subtropical climates, so we’ve put together a page explaining how to grow avocado trees that produce fruit.

Now, more than 80 different cultivars exist, but the most widely cultivated is the Hess variety: a single, healthy tree can produce several hundreds avocados in a year, so trees are used as a warehouse, and fruits are left there for several months when not needed at once!

Heart Health

In one study involving patients with high cholesterol levels, individuals with a diet high in avocados improved their cholesterolemia significantly: after seven days, total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol both decreased, and levels of “good” HDL cholesterol increased by 11%. This effect is probably due to avocados’ high content in oleic acid, a monounsaturated fat.

A positive effect on blood pressure can also be observed, due to their high content in potassium: adequate levels of this mineral have been linked with an improvement in circulatory diseases, high blood pressure and strokes. The health claim has even been authorized by the US FDA, stating that Diets containing foods that are good sources of potassium and low in sodium may reduce the risk of high blood pressure and stroke.

Another important one of health benefits of avocado is folate: its effects have been studied in a trial involving 80,000 healthy women, followed during a period of 14 years with dietary questionnaires. The study found that women with a higher intake of folate had a 55% lower risk of dying from heart disease, and a similarly lower risk of having heart attacks of any kind. A similar study showed a positive correlation with adequate folate intake and a reduction in the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. A cup of avocadoes contains 23% of the recommended Daily Value for folate!

General Health Improvement

Avocados are an important source of monounsaturated fatty acids, like oleic acid, which has been recently shown to protect significantly against breast cancer.

They also contain high levels of antioxidants, such as carotenoids: in particular lutein, zeaxanthin, alpha-carotene and beta-carotene, as well as significant quantities of liposoluble vitamins such as Vitamin E.

A lab study, published in the Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, found that avocado extracts could inhibit the growth of prostate cancer cells (both androgen-dependent and androgen-independent), probably due to the extracts’ high content in antioxidants.

The same researchers also attempted to expose prostate cancer cells to lutein alone, but it didn’t provide similar effects: it seems that carotenoids, tocopherol (vitamin E) and oleic acid act in synergy to reduce proliferation of prostate cancer cells. Chemically, this can be explained by the fact that Vitamin E, as well as carotenoids, are fat-soluble, so fatty acids such as oleic acid are probably needed for these antioxidants to be absorbed.

Effects on digestion

A study, published in the March 2005 issue of the Journal of Nutrition, proved exactly that synergistic effect: since carotenoids are fat-soluble, consuming them with monounsaturated-fat-rich avocado might enhance their bioavailability, meaning they are more easily absorbed into the bloodstream.

Eating avocados is therefore particularly advised when eating carotenoid-rich foods, such as orange and red vegetables (like carrots and tomatoes): adding avocado to salads increased absorption of alpha-carotene, beta-carotene and lutein by an amount 7.2, 15.3, and 5.1 times higher relative to the same avocado-free salads.

Avocadoes provide the same effects even when added to sauces, increasing the absorption of lycopene and beta-carotene by 4.4 and 2.6 times, relative to the same amount of nutrients in an avocado-free sauce.

Effects on Oral Cancer

Oral cancer is quite rare, but when it’s present, it’s usually very deadly, with a mortality rate of about 50%, mostly due toe the difficulty in detecting it at early stages (numbers from Great Britain’s Mouth Cancer Foundation).

Hass avocados (the most common variety), contain several different phytonutrients which have been proven to target multiple signal pathways, leading to an increase of free radicals inside cancerous and pre-cancerous cells in human: this means that only these cells are damaged, while normal human cells are not.

Other studies by UCLA scientists had already proven in the past that Hass avocados could inhibit the growth of prostate cancer cells, due to their high content in lutein, zeaxanthin, alpha-carotene and beta-carotene. Of these, about 70% is represented by lutein.

Avocado Nutrition Facts

Avocados, raw, California

Refuse:33%  (Seed and skin)
Scientific Name:  Persea americana
NDB No: 09038 (Nutrient values and weights are for edible portion)

Calories: here

Nutrient Units Value per
100 grams
Number
of Data
Points
Std.
Error
Proximates
Water
g
72.33
33
2.17
Energy
kcal
167
0
0
Energy
kJ
697
0
0
Protein
g
1.96
30
0.158
Total lipid (fat)
g
15.41
31
0.63
Ash
g
1.66
30
0.138
Carbohydrate, by difference
g
8.64
0
0
Fiber, total dietary
g
6.8
21
1.014
Sugars, total
g
0.30
11
0.098
Sucrose
g
0.06
9
0.043
Glucose (dextrose)
g
0.08
9
0.035
Fructose
g
0.08
9
0.019
Lactose
g
0.00
9
0
Maltose
g
0.00
9
0
Galactose
g
0.08
8
0.014
Starch
g
0.11
4
0
Minerals
Calcium, Ca
mg
13
24
0.662
Iron, Fe
mg
0.61
24
0.122
Magnesium, Mg
mg
29
12
1.702
Phosphorus, P
mg
54
12
1.886
Potassium, K
mg
507
24
34.404
Sodium, Na
mg
8
18
1.36
Zinc, Zn
mg
0.68
12
0.034
Copper, Cu
mg
0.170
12
0.044
Manganese, Mn
mg
0.149
12
0.007
Selenium, Se
mcg
0.4
5
0.068
Vitamins
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid
mg
8.8
16
0.588
Thiamin
mg
0.075
12
0.003
Riboflavin
mg
0.143
12
0.01
Niacin
mg
1.912
12
0.094
Pantothenic acid
mg
1.463
12
0.35
Vitamin B-6
mg
0.287
11
0.054
Folate, total
mcg
89
20
12.026
Folic acid
mcg
0
0
0
Folate, food
mcg
89
20
12.026
Folate, DFE
mcg_DFE
89
0
0
Choline, total
mg
14.2
0
0
Betaine
mg
0.7
2
0
Vitamin B-12
mcg
0.00
0
0
Vitamin A, RAE
mcg_RAE
7
0
0
Retinol
mcg
0
0
0
Carotene, beta
mcg
63
29
8.971
Carotene, alpha
mcg
24
27
13.419
Cryptoxanthin, beta
mcg
27
25
19.444
Vitamin A, IU
IU
147
0
0
Lycopene
mcg
0
7
0
Lutein + zeaxanthin
mcg
271
16
16.66
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)
mg
1.97
22
0.249
Tocopherol, beta
mg
0.04
9
0.01
Tocopherol, gamma
mg
0.32
18
0.133
Tocopherol, delta
mg
0.02
9
0.005
Vitamin K (phylloquinone)
mcg
21.0
8
0.766
Lipids
Fatty acids, total saturated
g
2.126
0
0
8:0
g
0.001
7
0.001
10:0
g
0.000
8
0
12:0
g
0.000
8
0
14:0
g
0.000
8
0
15:0
g
0.000
8
0
16:0
g
2.075
8
0.104
17:0
g
0.000
8
0
18:0
g
0.049
8
0.005
20:0
g
0.000
8
0
22:0
g
0.000
8
0
24:0
g
0.000
4
0
Fatty acids, total monounsaturated
g
9.799
0
0
14:1
g
0.000
8
0
15:1
g
0.000
8
0
16:1 undifferentiated
g
0.698
8
0.039
17:1
g
0.010
8
0.001
18:1 undifferentiated
g
9.066
8
0.474
20:1
g
0.025
8
0.002
22:1 undifferentiated
g
0.000
4
0
Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated
g
1.816
0
0
18:2 undifferentiated
g
1.674
8
0.063
18:3 undifferentiated
g
0.125
0
0
18:3 n-3 c,c,c
g
0.111
4
0.007
18:3 n-6 c,c,c
g
0.015
4
0
18:4
g
0.000
4
0
20:2 n-6 c,c
g
0.000
8
0
20:3 undifferentiated
g
0.016
8
0.002
20:4 undifferentiated
g
0.000
8
0
20:5 n-3
g
0.000
4
0
22:5 n-3
g
0.000
4
0
22:6 n-3
g
0.000
4
0
Cholesterol
mg
0
0
0
Stigmasterol
mg
2
6
0
Campesterol
mg
5
6
0.196
Beta-sitosterol
mg
76
6
5.583
Amino acids
Tryptophan
g
0.025
0
0
Threonine
g
0.072
0
0
Isoleucine
g
0.083
0
0
Leucine
g
0.141
0
0
Lysine
g
0.129
0
0
Methionine
g
0.037
0
0
Cystine
g
0.027
0
0
Phenylalanine
g
0.228
0
0
Tyrosine
g
0.048
0
0
Valine
g
0.105
0
0
Arginine
g
0.087
0
0
Histidine
g
0.048
0
0
Alanine
g
0.106
0
0
Aspartic acid
g
0.232
0
0
Glutamic acid
g
0.282
0
0
Glycine
g
0.102
0
0
Proline
g
0.096
0
0
Serine
g
0.112
0
0

Avocado for Prostate Health


Fruits and vegetables contain a lot of vitamins and minerals. Those are important when it comes to sustaining good health, but that is not enough. The body also needs good fats and ample carbohydrates for complete nutrition.

Is there a fruit that could give you all essential nutrients like water, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals? Yes there is. It is avocado. Fascinatingly, no other fruit can give that much nutrients. Avocado is the only fruit that can give complete supply of the essential nutrients that are much needed by the body. This pear-shaped plant is packed with a lot of components that can be very beneficial for health.

Essential fats are something that is necessary for the body to be always at its best. Avocado contains 75% of calories from monounsaturated fats. It is also rich in potassium, Vitamin B1, B2, B12 and Vitamin K. It can also provide sufficient fiber. Avocadene, which is a fatty triol can also be found in this fruit.

Because of the nutrients that avocado contains, scientists and researchers are looking into this fruit as an effective defense against prostate cancer. This is a type of cancer that attacks the prostate glands which are found within the male reproductive system. This type of cancer may cause excruciating pain especially when urinating. It could also result to erectile dysfunction and other problems within the reproductive system. The situation can get worse if the cancer would metastasize to other parts of the body like the bones and lymph nodes.

There are studies which have supported the fact that avocado can be effective in alleviating the effects of prostate cancer. For prostate cancer that is still on the first stage, the avocado extract can help in preventing the disease from worsening. There are carotenoids and tocopherol found within the avocado extract and these hinder the prostate cancer cells to progress.

The reason why avocado stands out from all other fruits when it comes to fighting prostate cancer is because of the high level of nutrients that could destroy cancer cells. No other fruit can beat the amount of carotenoid lutein in avocado. This also has high level of zeaxanthin and Vitamin E. The carotenoids in this amazing fruit such as beta carotene and alpha carotene are effective in strengthening the immune system. When the immune system is stronger, the body can effectively fight the cancer cells.

To further prove that it is really the combined nutrients in avocado that help in fighting cancer cells, researchers tried to observe the effects of lutein found in avocado. This did not contribute anything in destroying the cancer cells. It proves that all other vitamins and nutrients are needed to fight prostate cancer. The synergy of the various vitamins and minerals from this fruit is the right combination that acts against the disease.

Regular intake of avocado will result to alleviating the effects of prostate cancer. It can help in reducing the pain and could improve urination. This should be a part of the diet along with other fruits and vegetables. Eating avocado can reduce the need for chemical cure and medicines.

Type 2 Diabetes Epidemic

According to the latest diabetes statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, nearly 24 million people in the U.S. have diabetes, of which almost 6 million don’t know they are diabetic. In addition, at least 57 million Americans have prediabetes, a state with an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. In 2007 alone, 1.6 million adults were newly diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. The implications of the diabetes epidemic go far beyond the disease itself because diabetes affects the occurrence of other serious conditions, including cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death in industrialized societies.

Inflammation Contributes to Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes involves inadequate insulin secretion and resistance to the action of insulin. Recent data indicates that inflammation is an important factor in the development of both insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes. The importance of inflammation is demonstrated in part by the fact that production of inflammatory mediators is increased under conditions of obesity and insulin resistance. The actions of these inflammatory mediators promote pancreatic beta-cell dysfunction and render peripheral tissues resistant to insulin through mechanisms that remain unclear.

Inflammation Is the Key to Obesity-diabetes Link

Obesity is one of the biggest risk factors for Type 2 diabetes. However, the presence of inflammation is key. Recent studies suggest that obesity without inflammation does not result in insulin resistance or Type 2 diabetes.

When a person becomes obese, they develop steatosis (increased fat in the liver), which leads to macrophage infiltration into the liver. Obesity also leads to macrophage accumulation in fat tissue. Macrophages are key players in the immune and inflammatory responses.

When these cells get into fat or liver tissue, they release cytokines, which are chemical messenger molecules used by immune and nerve cells to communicate. These cytokines cause the neighboring liver, muscle or fat cells to become insulin resistant, which in turn leads to Type 2 diabetes.

Inflammation Promotes Diabetic Complications

It is well known that diabetic complications are responsible for the vast majority of diabetes-related deaths and inflammation has been linked with all diabetic complications.

Cardiovascular disease: Inflammation results in vascular damage leading to atherosclerotic plaque formation and increased risk for myocardial infarction and stroke.

Renal insufficiency or end-stage renal disease: Infiltration of inflammatory cells into the renal microvasculature causes the development of diabetic nephropathy.

Retinopathy: Inflammation causes retinal vasculature damage and leads to blood vessel breakdown and macular edema, the main cause of vision loss in diabetes. Clinical studies also show that increased inflammation is associated with the more severe forms of diabetic retinopathy.

Control of Inflammation May Reduce the Risk of Diabetes

Current recommendations to prevent Type 2 diabetes center on lifestyle modifications, such as diet and exercise. Clinical trials have established the efficacy of lifestyle intervention, as well as pharmacologic interventions that target glycemic control and treatment of other cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and obesity. However, diabetes still developed in a substantial percentage of individuals who received intensive intervention in these trials.

Because inflammation promotes insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes, balancing inflammatory response may therefore offer a novel approach to the prevention and treatment of diabetes.

FlameEz Remedies Relieve Inflammation in Diabetes

Nutrients, herbs, and herbal remedies have been used to reduce glucose levels in diabetes. FlameEz-Glucose, however, is the only natural remedy formulated to relieve chronic inflammation in diabetes. The active ingredients of FlameEz-Glucose work synergistically to balance the immune response and relieve systemic inflammation. The formula works as a powerful total body cleanser to remove toxic substances, i.e., inflammatory cells and their metabolites and debris.

Stye Eye Camping Catastrophe

This article provides information about a stye and how to get rid of an eye stye. I will never forget the first time I experienced an eye stye. I was on a camping trip in a mostly forested area. The first couple of days everything was fine until the night of the third day my right eye was really hurting and it was affecting my vision. The two previous days we had been doing a lot of hiking and sporting activities. We had spent the days totally outdoors except for when we slept in our tents. Since we were with friends that we hadn’t seen in a while we were staying up late at night as well.

The stye totally ruined the camping trip. I tried to continue with the planned activities, but it was constantly annoying me, it was starting to swell up more and become very red. The camping trip was over for me and I went home to rest my eye. It turned into what looked like a large pimple on my eyes, and it continued to be painful. Finally, on the sixth day it busted and the infection came out. I couldn’t believe how it took a week to totally get back to daily life. Be very careful if you ever have a stye and have to drive because it can seriously affect your vision. So hopefully some of this information can help you if you ever happen to get one of these as well.

As always this is not intended to be any type of medical advice. This is just something that happened to me. You should always consult your doctor before any treatment.

OBAMACARE AT ITS WORST

This week the controversy over the health care law popularized as “Obamacare” will reach the Supreme Court. THIS SHOULD BE FUN

Florida and 26 other states filed claims that Obamacare is unconstitutional and while I agree that Obamacare is unconstitutional let is not forget that is it also a horribly constructed law that will eventually bankrupt this great nation.

As you read this, I ask that you imagine a future in which the US government runs our healthcare systems. Think about how dysfunctional the DMV and the US Postal Services are and then imagine our health care systems being controlled by the US government’s obvious business slogan “HURRY UP AND WAIT.”

Now, why is everyone is such an uproar about the shit storm that Obamacare will rain down? Let us take a look…

#1 Obamacare mandates that by 2014 every American MUST have government approved health insurance, and those who do not, will be fined. Obamacare allows the government to tell you what you MUST spend your own money on. – Sweet, I am glad to know Obama sees the United States Constitution as a list of suggestions that can be ignored at his discretion.

#2 Obamacare forces insurers to accept all applicants and Forbids insurance companies to deny insurance coverage to those with pre-existing conditions or high-risk lifestyles. – This provision is no big deal except for the fact that it is a HUGE deal that will potentially collapse and bankrupt the industry. By forcing insurers to accept all applicants they will undoubtedly have to raise the price of insurance and premiums and/or cover less medical care across the table.

WHY IS THIS? Because insurance is a business and there is no way to make money by covering all of the health costs for people with pre-existing conditions or high-risk lifestyles. I know this sounds bad but the facts are the facts.

Insurance companies will not be allowed to reject anyone, which means that either our health insurance costs and premiums will go up in order to subsidize people with pre-existing conditions and/or they will lower the amount of care we are currently entitled to with insurance – Thanks a heap Obama

#3 The ‘Government Option’ of Obamacare mandates that people who cannot afford private health insurance will be covered by the government. Oh and when I say ‘the government’ will be paying for it, I mean you and your tax dollars will be paying for it. The taxpayers will be footing this bill. – This is why President Obama hasn’t been using Obamacare in his re-election campaign.

WHEN TRYING TO GET RE-ELECTED AS THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, IT IS NEVER IDEAL TO HAVE A 1 TRILLION DOLLAR ENTITLEMENT PROGAM ON YOUR RECORD

#4 Obamacare requires Employers to provide health care coverage for their employees. This will hurt small business the most. Businesses will have to spend more money on insuring their employees, which will cost them money and require them to cut back on employees so that they can afford insurance for the remaining ones. SPOLIER ALERT, employers who do not provide coverage WILL BE FINED! – This is the opposite of WINNING

#5 Obamacare threatens to CUT OFF FEDERAL AID to states that do not comply with its demands for expanding the federal-state Medicaid program for low-income people. — REALLY? I guess Obama is operating under the whole “Do as I say, whether you agree with me or not, or else I will threaten you and everyone who lives within your state lines.” — Yes, because threats always work out so well.

ALAS, LET ME LEAVE YOU WITH THIS TOKEN OF WISDOM. It has been going around the Internet for some time, but I think DrewM.’s originated it:

Health care in the US is covered by three main systems– Medicare, Medicaid, and private insurance. Two of these systems are bankrupt, and will be unable to make payments beyond 2017. The third is solvent, and can make all of its payments for the foreseeable future.

Obama’s plan is to take the one system meeting its obligations and fold it into the two systems that are bankrupt.”

Gain weight using Mirena

Hi all, I had Mirena for almost 8 months and I gain weight around 10 extra pounds. I am going to talk with my gym and also I am thinking to use HerbaLife. Any advice.

Good thing about Mirena is that stopped my heavy bleeding.

Good luck to everybody.

Hi, i had the mirena inserted in April this year, it was very traumatic for me as it was alot more painful than having a smear test done, after it was all over with i suffered badly with stabbing pains in my tummy, i was in agony, i nearly passed out and felt really unwell, i had to stay at my doctors for nearly 2 hours as i physically could not stand, i took 2 pain killers and waited a while for them to kick in.

I went home eventually and could not even go to collect my children from school i was still in pain, i bled quite heavy for 24 hrs, the next day the pain simmered off and so did the bleeding so i was very happy, how ever the next day the pains came back, i have now had the mirena in 3 months and i have not had a full period,i have spot bled a few times and i still get the sharp stabbing cramps and pains.

I have since been to the doctors about my pains and she sent me for a scan, i found out today that i have cysts on my ovaries.

The only thing i can honestly say good about the mirena is my periods stopped, other than that i wish i had never had it in the first place.

By: sarah tennant

Cures For Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) or less commonly vaginal bacteriosis is a disease of the vagina caused by bacteria. BV is caused by an imbalance of naturally occurring bacterial flora and is often confused with yeast infection (candidiasis), or infection with Trichomonas vaginalis (trichomoniasis), which are not caused by bacteria.

Important Things That You Must Learn

Most women are afraid of a good number of infections that could possibly affect their reproductive organs. Lots of personal hygiene issues that come with these types of illnesses for instance gonorrhea and chlamydia. On the other hand, only some have knowledge of bacterial vaginosis infection.

So what on earth do we all know about this condition? If you consult a lot of women, you might not gain a good number of answers. They tend to worry much more about several other infections without considering that BV infection causes some diseases in some condition.

May it Be Classified As STD?

Since it is endured by most women, this must be just about the most frequent inquiries Bacterial Vaginosis which have something to do with female health and well being. This is why it is very important for girls to have their knowledge straight to make sure they will know if they have always been deflecting the appropriate things or if they’re mainly making their possibilities of acquiring the infection even higher. Here are some of the facts that each women ought to know pertaining to bacterial vaginosis and sexually transmit.

The infection is about the most frequent infection associated with women’s female organ. Even though it is not as well-known as compared to chlamydia and gonorrhea, BV remains to be a threat to women’s health which cannot be neglected.

Reason Creates

There isn’t one sure-fire reason that creates bacterial vaginosis. As a matter of fact, experts are having a difficult time figure out what the cause of it is. What we are aware of is always that there should be the presence of several different mixturesitted diseases.

Hearth and Home: The Wonders of a Fireplace

For years the tiny old coal-burning fireplace– about the size of a microwave oven– sat there totally unused, cold and empty, purely decorative (and not even doing much of a job of that).

Then someone told us about a guy who comes in and, boom, expands and makes useable such fireplaces, installs a “fire box,” shakes your hand with his gnarly, callused, working-man’s/bricklayer’s hand, effortlessly crushing all the little bones in your hand, presents you with an invoice, and splits with your check–all in a single day.

Now this fellow makes a good living, according to Mack’s calculations. You kids out there, you might want to consider fireplace-installation as a career path. For one day’s work, he and his 20-something apprentice-y partner, whom he probably pays $10/hr., absconded with our check for $2000. Do the math! His only materials cost: some bricks and some mortar mix. Even if he and his apprentice split it, which I know they didn’t, $1,000 a day X however many days a year he wants to work (and he was busy, all booked-up, months in advance) = righteous bucks no matter how you slice it.

Before deciding to hire this dude, Ms. Daddy and I squirmed, balked, and quailed a bit at the cost, but finally decided to do it.

But it turned out to be I would say the best $2,000 we ever spent, by a long chalk.

And it’s paid for itself, in a way, over time, in terms of savings on not going out.

When you have a fireplace, you don’t even WANT to go out. What’s the point? Go to some chilly bar or restaurant, pay triple the cost of everything, get dissed by the wait staff, have cold blasts of air wriggle up your legs and tickle your thighs every time someone opens the door– when you could be warming those self-same thighs in front of a toasty fire?

No thanks!

In fact, it might be a bad thing…we could get to be too much of homebodies.

But I’m left with so many warming memories of the holidays thanks to that fireplace. It’s funny, the thing is such a powerful draw. Our little tiny living room, which we never used to go into, now we spend a ton of time in there. The furniture, once angled so it points at each other, now all points towards the fireplace.

And we opened our presents in front of a warming fire. We played cards, chess, other board games. Ms. Daddy and I slurped down oysters and sipped martinis. Our offspring toasted marshmallows, impregnated with chocolate chips (an innovation of theirs, so far as I know).

To Mack’s everlasting amazement, sometimes our kids, our three boys, normally obsessed with their Game Boys, Wii, Xbox, TV shows, etc., might sit around the fire and just talk, tell us what’s on their minds.

And that is so precious, such a delicate thing, Mack is almost afraid to breathe when it happens.

And the kids seem to look forward to it, too. Last night, sitting in front of the fire, my second-oldest, JJ, piped up and said: “So. What’s on everyone’s minds?”

Those of you who have male children may understand when I say it almost brought a tear to this old croc’s eye.

Also, Ms. Daddy, perpetually complaining of the cold, perpetually battling Mack (who is descended from an hyperborean northern people and likes the cold and suffers in the heat) re: the thermostat (if we ever get divorced, both our lawyers will reference the thermostat), is, at long last, finally, and for once, warm.

And you can’t put a price on that.

Now it’s back to school, everyone, and for those of you who haven’t been working (like Mack Daddy, a workaholic) over the holidays, back to work.

Get bundled up and get out there! Just don’t forget to spend a little time, in the midst of all the hurly burly, with each other, with your loved ones, “in front of the fire,” whether real or metaphorical.

No place like home, babies! In front of a fire, or sitting at a kitchen table, tell each other what’s on your minds. Open your hearts and communicate. You’ll feel better, warmer, inside and out.

Happy end-of-holidays. Onwards and upwards. Over and out.

In the Doghouse: Gifts for Your Wife

This is the video everyone’s been sending Mack Daddy lately:

It’s pretty funny. My favorite part is at the end, where they’re all eating out of dog bowls and the guy says: “What is this? Cheese pie?” And the other guy says: “It’s quiche. Quiche and chai lattes. It’s what we have every night.” It’s important to bear in mind, I think, that this is an ad– albeit a very long, clever, well-crafted ad– and I hope to see more like this in the future– for jewellery.

So it has an axe to grind. And I’m not sure I agree with the premise: that the best present in the world to buy your wife or girlfriend is jewellery.

Yes, maybe– if you get it just right. But after so many years of attempting to buy “personal” gifts for Ms. Daddy, including jewellery (earrings, etc.) 90 percent of which have had to be returned (IF Mack hasn’t lost the receipt and/or the item was on sale) or (more often) exchanged (which is a pain if Ms. Daddy doesn’t really like anything in the store: then what do you do?), I’m starting to edge towards the conclusion that gifts of a personal nature– gifts that are personal accoutrements– are more likely than not to be a mistake.

I know for me: Unless I absolutely LOVE a shirt, shoes, watch, pair of glasses, hat, jacket, scarf, etc. it’s going to wind up in a drawer sooner or later. If I like it I might wear it a few times, but then inevitably it ends up in a bag marked “Goodwill.” And sometimes the reasons for loving these items are minute, and obscure. And even if I love them, times change. I might get Ms. Daddy a pair of earrings she loves one year, then a few years later they seem out of style.

And don’t let some smooth-talking salesman talk you into buying something because it’s a “timeless classic.” Everything changes, everything evolves. The double-breasted “timeless classic” tweed jacket with pockets Mack bought in the eighties for an exorbitant sum because I thought I could wear it the rest of my life would be impossibly cheesy now and is long, long gone. Mack gave it to a friend, who tried to continue to “rock” it into the nineties, and just looked horribly dated.

You know what’s a timeless classic? And yes, yes I confess! I bought Ms. Daddy one for a present, just a few months ago! A vacuum cleaner.

In fact, I’m not sure, but I think I may have bought her the exact same vacuum cleaner the guy in the video, whom everyone calls “Dual Bag,” bought his wife. It’s hard to tell in the video, but “Dual Bag” calls it “the best vacuum cleaner you’ll ever own, baby,” and I can only think he’s referring to a Dyson.

And I’m not in the pay of Dyson or in any way compensated for saying this, ladies and gentlemen: it’s awesome. It truly never loses suction, after years of vacuums that broke down after a year or a year and a half it’s clear this will last a lifetime (I think they even have a lifetime guarantee).

Luckily I didn’t give her this gift for our anniversary– but I think I might have given it to her for her birthday and actually scored brownie points, rather than the reverse. May I say that at $700 the Dyson is not an inexpensive gift?

And it’s a gem of a vacuum cleaner, folks! It’s brought us a lot of joy– and a clean house, since everyone, even the kids, want to vacuum with this thing.

And is there anything a woman loves more than a clean house? What’s a little bauble around the neck if your place is a pigsty?

Anyway, it’s obviously up for debate. But I showed the video to Ms. Daddy who shrugged and said: “I think a vacuum cleaner is a good present.”

(Meanwhile, I’m trying to find her a watch for Xmas, it’s a nightmare, her criteria are so specific and to try to get her to approve one “on the sly,” as it were, without her knowing, is almost impossible: we may have to undergo one of those depressing scanrios where she picks it out and I go pay for it, then under the tree a wry smile and a sarcastic “Thanks just what I wanted.”.)

So anyway, for what it’s worth, I share these thoughts with you so you don’t simply assume all woman and men share the POV of this You Tube video.

Or to put it another way: Don’t always believe everything you watch on You Tube.

Raccoon Removal

Did you search for chicken exterminators Oshkosh Neenah Appleton Fon Du Lac, bat exterminators Neenah Menasha Oshkosh Appleton or dog exterminators Oshkosh Neenah Appleton Fon Du Lac?

Most typical native wildlife nuisance species are frequently woodpeckers, opossums, raccoons, bats, moles, voles, deer, mice, subjects, coyotes, and squirrels.

Our primary objective when we are employed by the pest control consumer to resolve your Oshkosh Neenah Appleton Fon Du Lac wildlife control issues is to place an instantaneous conclusion to any pet harm to your loft, house or building and to trap, control and eliminate any issue bat, chicken, or dog in an ecologically appropriate, gentle way.

How We Solve Your Pain Wildlife Issues

How to get rid of raccoons? Many pest control companies do not have the experience in discovering the reason for animal control problem, bird or your nuisance bat. They see your house for the very first time and do not see the tell tale signs that people search for when we initially bring up.

We inspect all vents, around egress, ingress and all dormers of electrical wiring and all pipes, cables leading into your home. Sometimes a technician in another trade can causes by a poor installation a new wildlife problem. If your raccoon will get their fingers under a badly mounted port or eaves; they could get the roofing vent and either flex the vent or eliminate the vent and can produce a future nest or nest place for bats, chickens, raccoons, pigeons, subjects, mice opossums and so on.

These Four Wildlife Control steps result in a successful nuisance wildlife elimination program.

1. Properly determine the species triggering the problem. We look like bat guano bird droppings, animal feces, or animal urine for common signs, search for their animal or bat tracks, burrows, nest or food catches. We take a examine everything the animal shares around to assist correctly determine the problem animal

2. We change the environment, whenever possible shot to make the location less appealing to any bat, chicken or wildlife insects.

3. Use bird, a bat, animal control methods that are appropriate time of year, to your location, and other ecological conditions.

4. We keep track of the animal damage site for almost any re-invasion to identify if additional control is required. The most commonly used methods for managing nuisance wildlife around houses and gardens consist of toxic baits, habitat modification, repellents, exclusion, glue boards, barriers and scary. Wildlife control includes human dangers both to property and person through injury however likewise through illness.

Ethical Considerations In Nuisance Wildlife Management

There are numerous ethical considerations in nuisance wildlife management. Numerous policies exist in the United States worrying animal trapping consisting of trap check intervals, typically needing all traps be inspected a minimum of when throughout a 24 hour duration. Some governments allow moving of wildlife, nevertheless gentle considerations should be considered prior to moving wildlife, consisting of population and environment. Some species of wildlife can not be fairly moved due to excess of lack of availability of habitat and proper food or competing species.

Control throughout the spring months does run the danger of eliminating the young by hunger or in the summer season having a bat exclusion done on the house, fireplace, attic, or chimney throughout a bat maternity season and eliminating all the young not able to fly and leave a house like their moms can all year. Appropriate euthanasia of animals when required is likewise a questionable and delicate factor to consider requires certification and training in some locations of the United States and to be taken prior to participating in nuisance wildlife management.

Using Testosterone to Find Your Kid a Good School

Well, I promised as a New Year’s Resolution to make a sincere effort to find Nick, my oldest, age 11, the perfect Grade 7.

And so I am. I’ve been to five middle-school “Open Houses” so far and I’m on the slate to go to many more.

The “Open House” is an odd experience. Some are horribly attended, three or four parents who happened to wander in by accident. Others are packed to the rafters. You sit on a folding chair and the parents and kids just keep pouring in.

It’s all based on the rep of the school. And of course everyone wants the best for their kids. And they’re all about as smart, more or less, as you: as savvy, as wily, as interested, as competitive and as connected.

And they all want the same thing.

These are what I call “spermatazoan moments.” When we’re all after the same thing. You have to find a way to get an edge over everyone else.

It’s like when you’re looking at a house in the midst of a “seller’s market.” These types of “open houses” remind me of those type of open houses. You wander through the rooms of a very done-up house in a nice neighborhood with high ceilings and wood floors and you turn to your spouse and say: “Hmmm, me like, should we make an offer.”

But at that exact same moment literally dozens of other couples are in the same house at the same time, and you can hear them muttering and murmuring: “Hmmm…nice…me like…should we make an offer?”

You have to find a way to outsmart, beat the pack, get an edge, find the key.

Luckily I’m good at that. I can be extremely wily and devious and competitive and aggressive when I need to.

Thing is: so can everyone else. Each one of us is the product of a competitive sperm. Each one of us, if you think about it, is the product of a sperm that beat out 500,000,000 other contenders just to fertilize our egg.

All of us, just to be on this earth, had to be on the top of our game right from the gate.

Get this post for your kid’s healthy school year: Plan Ahead for a Healthy School Year

Finally Getting Off Our Butts and Going Somewhere

So we’re going to Mexico, for a friend’s wedding, without the kids. Or the dog. Or the snake. Or the cat. Or the rats.

For a wedding – but for my wife Pam and I it’ll be like a second honeymoon.

At, least, I’m hoping. I’m picturing From Here to Eternity-esque makeout sessions on a moonlit beach, the salty water washing over our bodies, but us not noticing, thanks to our rediscovered passion for one another, combined with a blood-margarita level of .50.

And, uh, moonlit strolls and…uh, stuff. Oh, shoot, I just remembered: Valentine’s Day is coming up. You single people think you got it rough? Valentine’s Day is a lot of pressure for us married dudes, too.

Because you can’t be too corny. Your wife knows you too well, and chocolates and little frilly things don’t cut it. You have to dig deep and come up with something that expresses the love that is now deeper, more shaded and realistic.

Oh, well, my problem.Though I would accept all gift suggestions: what do you get a woman you’ve been with 15 years?

(I already know the answer: diamonds. But anything that’s more, you’d know, less expensive?)

Anyway, my problem. Back to Mexico. Last time we went somewhere without the kids it didn’t work out too well.

But that was 9 years ago, and we only had one kid: Nick, then age 2.

The very most northernmost tip of Ireland. Another far-flung wedding. The plan was: do the wedding, then head down, Pam and I, just the two of us, for a week in Dublin, home of Bono and Ireland’s Capital of Fun!

Nick was with my mother, in Toronto. After we got back from the wedding, our first night in Dublin, the beginning of our first tete-a-tete time together since The Advent of Nick, Pam made the mistake of phoning home. She chatted with Mom a bit, then Mom put Nick on.

“MOM I MISS YOU,” he wailed, then basically had a nervous breakdown. Pam did too.

The next day she took a standby flight home. I stayed, out of stubbornness, an extra day and night in Dublin, but then that seemed dumb and I hopped on a standby too.

Of course, when Pam got home, Nick was fine. In fact, first thing he did was get mad at her about some trivial thing.

Not gonna happen this time, though. As soon as we get there, get unpacked in our little “palapa,” I’m going to confiscate her passport. If she wants it, well, let just say she’ll have to be pretty persuasive.

In the meantime, I’ll put on a little Barry White, mix up a couple of high-octane margaritas, slip into my sexiest huabanyero shirt, and become my alter ego, “The Doctor of Love.”

The doctor is in. The way I operate you won’t need no anaesthetic. With surgical skill, I will remove all doubt that you will soon be mine.

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